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रविवार, 29 अगस्त 2010

Early Renaissance

ANDREA DA MURANO
(known 1463, Venezia, d. 1512, Castelfranco Veneto)


Biography

Italian painter, first documented in Venice in 1463. He began as a collaborator f Bartolomeo Vivarini. His works reveal his careful study of Giovanni Bellini and Andrea Mantegna. His most significant works include the Dead Christ Mourned in the cathedral of Cittadella, Virgin and Child in the Collezione Cini, Venice, and the Triptych now in the Gallerie dell'Accademia (1477-78). They disclose an artist who was familiar with the work of Luca Signorelli.

Work-

Polyptych
c. 1478
Tempera on wood, 152 x 88 cm (centre), 152 x 47 cm (sides), 80 x 199 cm (lunette)
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice

ANDREA DEL CASTAGNO
(b. 1423, Castagno, d. 1457, Firenze)

Biography

Andrea del Castagno (originally Andrea di Bartolodi Bargilla), one of the most influential 15th-century Italian Renaissance painters, best known for the emotional power and naturalistic treatment of figures in his work.

Little is known of Castagno's early life, and it is also difficult to ascertain the stages of his artistic development owing to the loss of many of his paintings. As a youth, he was precocious. He executed a mural of Cosimo de' Medici's adversaries (rebels hanging by their heels) at the Palazzo del Podestà in Florence, earning him the byname Andreino degli Impiccati ("Little Andrea of the Hanged Men"). It is known that he went to Venice in 1442, and frescoes in San Zaccaria are signed and dated by both him and Francesco da Faenza.

His first notable works were a Last Supper and three scenes from the Passion of Christ, all for the former Convent of Sant'Apollonia in Florence, now known as the Cenacolo di Sant'Apollonia and also as the Castagno Museum. These monumental frescoes, revealing the influence of Masaccio's pictorial illusionism and Castagno's own use of scientific perspective, received wide acclaim. In his altarpiece painting of theAssumption of the Virgin for San Miniato fra le Torri in Florence, Castagno's style more closely resembled International Gothic.

In 1451 Castagno continued the frescoes at San Egidio begun earlier by Domenico Veneziano. The light tones that Castagno adopted for his outstanding St Julian (1454-55) show Veneziano's influence.

In a work for a loggia of the Villa Carducci Pandalfini at Legnaia, Castagno broke with earlier styles and painted a larger-than-life-size series of Famous Men and Women, within a painted frame (now in the Castagno Museum, Florence). In this work, Castagno displayed more than mere craftsmanship; he portrayed movement of body and facial expression, creating dramatic tension. Castagno set the figures in painted architectural niches, thus giving the impression that they are actual sculptural forms. He achieved similar force in his Youthful David (National Gallery, Washington, D.C.), painted on a shield. His last dated work (Florence Cathedral) is an equestrian portrait of Niccolò da Tolentino.

Castagno's emotionally expressive realism was strongly influenced by Donatello, and Castagno's work in turn influenced succeeding generations of Florentine and Paduan painters.

Work-

Crucifixion and Saints
1440-41
Fresco
Ospedale Santa Maria Nuova, Florence

St John the Baptist
1442
Fresco
San Zaccaria, Venice

God the Father
1442
Fresco, height of figure 176 cm
San Zaccaria, Venice

St John the Evangelist
1442
Fresco, height of figure 176 cm
San Zaccaria, Venice

St Mark
1442
Fresco, height of figure 176 cm
San Zaccaria, Venice

Dormition of the Virgin
1442-43
Mosaic
Basilica di San Marco, Venice

Dormition of the Virgin
1448-51
Mosaic
Basilica di San Marco, Venice

Deposition
c. 1444
Stained glass
Duomo, Florence

Madonna and Child with Saints
c. 1445
Fresco, 290 x 212 cm
Contini Bonacossi Collection, Florence

Last Supper and Stories of Christ's Passion
1447
Fresco, 453 x 975 cm (each fresco)
Sant'Apollonia, Florence

Last Supper (detail)
1447
Fresco
Sant'Apollonia, Florence


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GHAZIABAD, Uttar Pradesh, India
कला के उत्थान के लिए यह ब्लॉग समकालीन गतिविधियों के साथ,आज के दौर में जब समय की कमी को, इंटर नेट पर्याप्त तरीके से भाग्दौर से बचा देता है, यही सोच करके इस ब्लॉग पर काफी जानकारियाँ डाली जानी है जिससे कला विद्यार्थियों के साथ साथ कला प्रेमी और प्रशंसक इसका रसास्वादन कर सकें . - डॉ.लाल रत्नाकर Dr.Lal Ratnakar, Artist, Associate Professor /Head/ Department of Drg.& Ptg. MMH College Ghaziabad-201001 (CCS University Meerut) आज की भाग दौर की जिंदगी में कला कों जितने समय की आवश्यकता है संभवतः छात्र छात्राएं नहीं दे पा रहे हैं, शिक्षा प्रणाली और शिक्षा के साथ प्रयोग और विश्वविद्यालयों की निति भी इनके प्रयोगधर्मी बने रहने में बाधक होने में काफी महत्त्व निभा रहा है . अतः कला शिक्षा और उसके उन्नयन में इसका रोल कितना है इसका मूल्याङ्कन होने में गुरुजनों की सहभागिता भी कम महत्त्व नहीं रखती.